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Selectivity for Polar, Hyperbolic, and Cartesian Gratings in Macaque Visual Cortex

Science1 Jan 1993Vol 259, Issue 5091pp. 100-103DOI: 10.1126/science.8418487

Abstract

The neural basis of pattern recognition is a central problem in visual neuroscience. Responses of single cells were recorded in area V4 of macaque monkey to three classes of periodic stimuli that are based on spatial derivative operators: polar (concentric and radial), hyperbolic, and conventional sinusoidal (Cartesian) gratings. Of 118 cells tested, 16 percent responded significantly more to polar or hyperbolic (non-Cartesian) gratings than to Cartesian gratings and only 8 percent showed a significant preference for Cartesian gratings. Among cells selective for non-Cartesian gratings, those that preferred concentric gratings were most common. Cells selective for non-Cartesian gratings may constitute an important intermediate stage in pattern recognition and the representation of surface shape.

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Science
Volume 259 | Issue 5091
1 January 1993

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Published in print: 1 January 1993

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Jack L. Gallant
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.
Jochen Braun
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.
David C. Van Essen
Division of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.

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