The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) assesses how people spend their time and how they experience the various activities and settings of their lives, combining features of time-budget measurement and experience sampling. Participants systematically reconstruct their activities and experiences of the preceding day with procedures designed to reduce recall biases. The DRM's utility is shown by documenting close correspondences between the DRM reports of 909 employed women and established results from experience sampling. An analysis of the hedonic treadmill shows the DRM's potential for well-being research.
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This research was supported by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and also by the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton, the NSF, and the National Institute on Aging. Order of authorship is alphabetical. D.K. is affiliated with the Gallup Organization. A.A.S. holds equity in and is the Associate Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of invivodata, Inc., a company that markets an electronic patient diary system.

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Volume 306 | Issue 5702
3 December 2004

Submission history

Received: 2 August 2004
Accepted: 30 September 2004
Published in print: 3 December 2004


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Daniel Kahneman
Woodrow Wilson School and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
Alan B. Krueger
Woodrow Wilson School and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
Woodrow Wilson School and Economics Department, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.
David A. Schkade*
Rady School of Management, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093–0093, USA.
Norbert Schwarz
Institute of Social Research and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106–1248, USA.
Arthur A. Stone
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794–8790, USA.


* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: [email protected]

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